After the Second World War ended in 1945, the Korean Peninsula was split into two zones.
The northern half of the peninsula was occupied by the Soviet Union and the southern half was taken on by the United States.
American officers, diplomat Dean Rusk and Army officer Charles Bonesteel were assigned the drawing of the division.
They divided the country in half and placed the capital Seoul under American control.
However, nobody in Korea was told about the plans, even though the division was immediately accepted by the Soviet Union.
Following great unrest, people in South Korea rebelled again the Allied Military Government and the South declared its statehood in May 1948.
Two months later, the anti-communist leader Syngman Rhee became the South’s leader.
Later that year, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea was created in the north.
Soviet general Terentii Shtykov became the first Soviet ambassador and Kim Il-sung became premier.
Soviet forces left the north in 1948 and most American forces withdrew from the south in 1949.
When is the Day of the Foundation?
This year, the event will fall on Sunday, September 9.
The Day of the Foundation is celebrated with art performances, exhibitions and athletics events.
During jubilee years, such as the 60th anniversary, military parades are held on Kim Il-sung Square and the Leader of North Korea also takes part.
Children aged nine are also accepted in the Young Pioneer Corps on this day too, where they contribute to the North Korean youth movement and the pioneer movement.
The day is considered an important occasion in the child’s life and the movement helps them understand the ideologies behind the North Korea system.
Other important holidays in North Korea included the Day of the Sun, which is the birthday of Kim Il-sung and Day of the Shining Star, which marks the birthday of Kim Jong-il.