The International Court of Justice (ICJ) said on Friday they had received a complaint from Palestine against the US.
They argued President Trump’s decision to move the US embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem in May violated an international treaty and should be revoked.
The ICJ noted that Palestine pointed to the 1961 Vienna Convention of Diplomatic Relations, which requires a country to locate its embassy on the territory of a host state and while Israel controls Jerusalem, its ownership is disputed.
The Palestinians requested the court “to order the United States of America to withdraw its diplomatic mission from the Holy City of Jerusalem”.
The official statement said: «The State of Palestine today instituted proceedings against the United States of America before the International Court of Justice (ICJ), the principal judicial organ of the United Nations, with respect to a dispute concerning alleged violations of the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations of 18 April 1961.”
The legal battle, announced by the Hague-based ICJ, comes amid a series of ongoing tensions between Washington and Palestine after Trump recognised Jerusalem as Israel’s capital in December.
Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas halted ties with the Trump administration following the announcement and declared the US unfit to remain the sole mediator during peace talks.
The Palestinian leader said Trump had been «biased» towards Israel since he was elected.
He said: «We will also not accept sole American mediation in the peace process.”
The Republican firebrand is trying to secure the “deal of the century” between the Israelis and Palestinians and bring both sides back to the negotiating table.
The last Israel-Palestine peace talks collapsed in 2014, but Trump has said he can secure the «ultimate deal» after he delegated the mammoth task to Jared Kushner, his son-in-law.
Despite angering President Abbas, Trump’s decision triggered an enthusiastic reaction from Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s nationalist government.
The ICJ is the United Nations’ venue for resolving disputes between nations.
Cases at the court can take years to be resolved.
The court’s decisions are final and legally binding, however, they are not always adhered to.
No date was immediately set for the hearings.